Cannabidiol or CBD is a compound that is found in Cannabis species like marijuana and hemp. CBD is part of a group of compounds called cannabinoids. Cannabis has been used throughout history for its therapeutic properties and was cultivated openly by many civilizations for more than twelve thousand years.
THC is another cannabinoid found in Cannabis. THC is psychoactive and it is this cannabinoid that causes you to get high. Not all plants belonging to the Cannabis genus contain THC in the same quantity. Marijuana used for recreational purposes contains between 3 to 25% THC while hemp contains only 0.2%. The amount of THC in the latter is too little to intoxicate a person. CBD is non-psychoactive but because it has been linked to THC it has received a bad rep.
A brief history of CBD
Cannabis is believed to be one of the oldest crops cultivated by humans. Evidence places the cultivation of cannabis as far back as 12,000 years with origins in Mongolia and Siberia. Hemp fiber pots dating back to 5,000 BC show the plant was an integral part of the Yangshao culture in China. Chinese emperor Shen Nung is reported to have used cannabis for arthritic pain and gout around 2,737 BC.
Ancient texts containing references to cannabis use can be found in Indian and Egyptian civilizations. Fast forward a few millennia and Queen Victoria is using CBD to ease menstrual cramps in the 1800s.
CBD started to be stigmatized in the 1930’s, due to its link to the cannabinoid THC. Therefore a ban on all cannabis cultivation was put in force which set research on CBD back many years.
It has only been in the last twenty-five years that CBD was identified as different from THC, importantly we now know CBD will not get you high. In fact, CBD counteracts the high associated with THC. With the isolation CBD from the rest of the cannabinoids, research was able to pick up steam and the medicinal properties were better understood.
Once the difference between CBD and THC was identified, growers started to cultivate medical Cannabis which contained a high CBD and low THC content. The CBD is extracted from these plants and used to treat various ailments. Cannabis species with high CBD and low THC content were termed as hemp or industrial hemp to differentiate from marijuana.
The most famous case of using medical cannabis was that of a young girl called Charlotte Figi who suffered from Dravet Syndrome. This caused Charlotte to have up to 300 seizures a week. When all other treatments failed, her parents decided to try CBD. In 2013 a special strain of cannabis was created which had a high CBD content. The strain was named Charlotte’s Web after the little girl it was cultivated for by the Stanley Brothers in Colorado.
After the very first treatment, it was reported that Charlotte’s seizures decreased. Charlotte’s Web contains only 0.2% THC and does not intoxicate the user. Studies are still progressing to quantify the effectiveness of CBD in treating epileptic seizures, importantly the anecdotal evidence is promising.
CBD’s separation from THC has come a long way in helping legalize medical marijuana in several states across the US and in many countries around the world. Hemp is a legal Cannabis species which is high in CBD and low in THC, therefore it is now legal to grow and sell in Ireland.
CBD’s Legal Status in Ireland
Like most European countries and U.S states CBD Oil derived from hemp is fully legal in Ireland. CBD goes by many names including CBD oil, CBD tincture, Cannabis Oil, Hemp oil, CBD hemp oil, CBD vape oil, CBD vape E-liquid and so on. All these formulations are legal in Ireland as long as the THC content is less than 0.2%.
Dr. Hemp Me do not make any claims of medical or health benefits resulting from the use of our products. Any statements made have not been evaluated by any national regulatory agency.