is cbd legal in Italy

A Guide to CBD Oil in Italy (Update July 2021)

Content

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is the topic of many testimonials by women and men alike who claim it has many health benefits. Although research studies around cannabinoids are increasing and anecdotal evidence is mounting, there are still questions surrounding the effectiveness of CBD oil as a food supplement product in Italy. 

There is also confusion regarding the status of CBD in many countries in Europe, one of which is Italy. Many people are curious to know whether it is okay to use CBD oil food supplements in Italy as part of their health food diet. People travelling to Italy from other countries are especially interested to know if they can carry CBD oil into Italy without any issue. 

Rules around cannabidiol are constantly changing in both Italy and the EU and this has led to controversy over the use of the food supplement especially for both diet and medicinal purposes. 

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What is a CBD oil food supplement?

CBD, a short form for Cannabidiol, is one of the most active ingredients of the Cannabis Sativa plant which is also known as hemp. After delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is the second most active ingredient in marijuana. It has been proven that CBD does not have a toxic effect as is present in THC. Therefore, CBD does not make people ‘high’ rather it is claimed that it has focus type effect. People who use CBD from the cannabis plant as a dietary supplement, just like any other health vitamin, use it as a source of minerals and nutrients to fuel their body and mind. 

There are thousands of products derived from hemp like vapes, creams, and even gummies but CBD oil is the most popular. You must know that there is a difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil. That is, hemp seed oil does not have any of the cannabinoids which are present in CBD oil. Hemp seed oil is used as a carrier oil for CBD oil products, which means it simply houses the cannabidiol so that the user can drop it under their tongue. 

The chemical components in CBD oil vary greatly depending on the process of extraction and the cannabinoids present in the plant. CBD is actually seen as a safe alternative to medical cannabis with none of the side effects that are associated with the latter. The continued research studies on CBD have increased the buzz around it over the past few years as a health food supplement for both humans and pets. 

More Reading: How Do I Use/Take CBD Oil 

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What benefits come from taking CBD supplements?

The benefits linked to CBD use are extensive though most of the claimed benefits have not been proven scientifically. However, due to the increased interest in natural, holistic medicine, CBD has been embraced by many and the government of Italy is not left out. The additional absence of side-effects in the use of CBD, unlike THC, has also made it more accepted.

In case you didn’t know, CBD as a cannabinoid works in reaction to receptors in the human brain which are part of the body’s Endocannabinoid System. According to researchers, this system, the ECS, works to regulate certain bodily functions related to our emotions, stress response, pain levels and even our reproductive systems.

Taking CBD seems to be almost as common as taking a vitamin or mineral supplement everyday, for the purpose of an intake of extra nutrients. The difference between CBD oil and a capsule of calcium or Vitamin D for example is that it goes through absorption in the gums under the tongue rather than through the digestive system. This process allows the CBD to be absorbed into the blood quickly and release the hemp plant’s benefits using a CBD vitamin diet. 

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As shown by the production of a drug, Epidiolex, made using CBD and used in the USA, it can be used to treat a seizure disorder caused by Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. While CBD has been approved for the treatment of epilepsy there in both adults and children above the age of two, it must be used as a last resort. Regardless of the amount of health claims by men and women, we cannot fully discuss the use of CBD and potential medical benefits due to its current muddled status. 

What is the Status of CBD Oil in Italy?

Yes, CBD oil is permitted in Italy. Since CBD oil is one of the derivatives of the cannabis plant, it is essential to give a brief insight into the history of the of cannabis in Italy. The status of cannabis has been a back and forth issue in Italy since the 90s. While cannabis was tagged “soft drug” in 1990 and carried non-criminal penalties, it was re-classified as a “hard drug” in 2006. In 2013 cannabis was approved and made available to people for industrial purposes only.

With the approved status of CBD, the government authorised the cultivation of hemp but with rules attached. To increase the quantity of CBD oil produced in the country due to its potential health benefits, the government eventually authorised the cultivation of hemp by the general public in 2016 which resulted in the “green gold rush”. The cultivation and production of industrial hemp is allowed as long as the THC content is 0.6% or less. 

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When CBD was first permitted, its THC component could not be more than 0.2% but it has since been increased to 0.6%. It is not permitted to use CBD oil with more than 0.6% THC even if it is for medical reasons unless there is specific and direct instruction from a doctor. Nevertheless, you can get CBD without the doctor’s prescription in Italy as long as the hemp content is below 0.2% in both online stores and pharmacies.

The verdict

Unlike most European countries, Italy is more relaxed regarding the use of CBD oil, however the government is seeking to regulate the use of CBD products which includes CBD oils and more. However, when you think about the current status of CBD oils in Italy, you must keep in mind that as long as it does not have a “toxic effect”, then it is perfectly ok. 

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