October 20, 2019

Everything you Need to Know About CBG

By Brian Cusack

Cannabinoids are a compound found in the cannabis plant. Not all cannabinoids are psychoactive like CBD & CBG, but some cannabinoids can give psycho-active effects upon consumption like THC. Precisely, knowing about a few important cannabinoids that are infused in cannabis oil is critical for your health. To put it simply, it is wise to know what you are actually consuming.

While CBD is now the most popular cannabinoid other cannabinoids like GBG are now gaining mainstream popularity as well.


As we discuss, even today a lot of people are not completely aware of the difference between hemp and cannabis. Let me be clear, hemp doesn't get you high, and whereas Cannabis strains high in THC can give you high. However, both are the strains of the cannabis plant variety. That's the simplest possible explanation for people who really get confused between cannabis and hemp.

In this article, we will explore the differences between a few important cannabinoids and but mostly we will be discussing the latest cannabinoid to to become popular, CBG or Cannabigerol. Likewise, we will clearly get to perceive the difference between hemp and marijuana. Moreover, this article will clear the air around the cannabinoids other than CBD in Cannabis oil.


What Cannabinoids are infused in Cannabis oil?

I bet you all know about CBD. It's a cannabinoid which is known as cannabidiol found in the cannabis sativa plant family. Practically, it is just one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis oil. Having said that, what are the other important cannabinoids that are utilized to manufacture cannabis oil? Have you ever heard of them?

In fact, there are more than a hundred and thirty cannabinoids found in cannabis sativa. Notably, CBDV, CBN, CBDa, CBD, CBC, and CBG are a few useful cannabinoids that are infused in Cannabis oil.

Ireland has legalized CBD infused products which have less than 0.2% THC. Having said that, full-spectrum cannabis/CBD oil require CBG, CBDa, CBC, CBN, CBDV, and THC along with CBD to work perfectly. However, THC is available in less than 0.2% in this cannabis oil. Hence, it is completely lawful to procure, store, and use cannabis oil which is made using all these ingredients.

cannabidiol in hemp

The different cannabinoids include;

1. CBD or cannabidiol is the most prominent cannabinoid found in legal Cannabis oil, this is why most of this oil is actually called CBD oil. Contrary to belief CBD will not get you high in fact if you are already high it will counteract the effects of THC. So if you or a friend gets too high sometime, try some CBD to bring you back down.

Although CBD is the most prominent cannabinoid found in Full Spectrum CBD Oil it is not the only cannabinoid. Next, we will explore other cannabinoids found in Cannabis oil.

2. CBDa or cannabidiolic acid is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. CBDa is an acidic prequel of CBD. CBD can be produced by the process called "decarboxylation." In the process, CBDa is heated to remove the hydrogen and oxygen from the molecular structure. As a result, pure CBD is extracted.

To be precise, the molecular structure of CBD and cannbidiolic acid is identical. By far, some researchers believe that the interactions and behaviour of both cannabinoids can be similar due to the similarities in their molecular structure. Contrarily, some researchers believe that only CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, and CBDa doesn't interact with it. However, it is explicit that CBDa needs to be studied and researched a lot more to find out how helpful it can be.

3. CBDV's abbreviation is cannabidivarin is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid by nature. Cannabis plants which contain a high level of CBD tend to have a high level of CBDV. Likewise, such cannabis plants tend to have very low levels of THC in it. Indica plant varieties are equally rich in CBDV.

cannabidiolic acid 

4. To put it simply, cannabinol (CBN) is a more modest version of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabinol possesses slight psychoactive effect upon consumption. Unlike CBD, CBN is found only on aged cannabis plants.

Also, several studies are being carried out to explore the impact of CBN on the endocannabinoid system in our body.

However, it is widely believed that CBN can be the next substantial thing in cannabis-derived compounds.

CBG an Overview

Undeniably, cannabidiol (CBD) has earned a lot of fame in the market. Not to mention, there are more than a hundred cannabinoids available in the cannabis plant family. CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two famous cannabinoids that are being used by people on a large scale.

Recently, the number of news articles, researches, and debates related to CBG has gone up. What's all the fuss about this CBG?. Let's understand the basics of CBG.

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a phytocannabinoid similar to CBD but not as popular as CBD or THC. However, CBG was discovered in the year 1964 by the researchers Mechoulam and Gaoni. CBG is found in the cannabis plant, and they are available in very tiny quantities.

Similar to CBD, CBG is claimed to have anti-inflammatory properties. There are claims that CBG can minimize the psychoactive effects of THC.

Is CBG legal?

CBG is a base compound from which the CBD and THC are derived. Across the world, there are several schedule I & II drugs that are banned due to its psychoactive properties. Having said that, CBG doesn't contain THC or any other psychoactive properties. Consequently, it cannot be considered as a drug, and the researches on CBG proves the same. Conspicuously, more researches have to be conducted to identify the health benefits of using CBG.

6. Cannabichromene or cannabichromene shortly known as CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBC is a rare cannabinoid and found in very low quantities in a cannabis plant. CBC was discovered almost before 50 years.

7. Tetrahydrocannabinol is the most familiar cannabinoid which is loved by many people for its euphoric psychoactive properties. Recreational usage of THC high Cannabis became established only because of this cannabinoid. THC stimulates parts of our brain and activates our nervous system, causing the release of dopamine. This ultimately creates a sense of well-being and euphoria. Increasingly, countries across the globe have started removing the ban on medicinal and recreational usage of THC.

As per Irish and EU regulatory bodies, 0.2% or less THC is allowed in CBD-based products.

Anything more than this percentage is illegal and companies who are found guilty of keeping the percentage a little higher than this point are heavily penalised.


Why Full-Spectrum cannabis oil is better?

Each of the cannabinoids possesses unique behaviour and interactions with our body's endocannabinoid system. Likewise, not all cannabinoids are non-psychoactive. In point of fact, researchers believe that full-spectrum cannabis oil which contains all the important cannabinoids like CBN, CBDa, CBDV, CBC, CBG, CBD, and THC is far superior to CBD isolate. This is because cannabinoids work in synergy together in what is known as the ‘entourage effect’. Below is a short overview of the said cannabinoids infused in cannabis oil.

Hemp vs Indica/Sativa Cannabis

Hemp is also a cannabis plant variety which has an extremely tiny quantity of the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Clearly, THC is the substance that imparts the psychoactive effect when consumed. Hemp contains an excessive amount of CBD and less than 0.3% of THC. Consequently, it doesn't give the psychoactive effect to the user. Since hemp doesn't provide the high, it is considered to be safe for use by all age groups.

Indica and Sativa strains are rich in THC, and it has a few other cannabinoids which possess psychoactive components. However, it has only a little CBD in it. Hence, why Sativa and Indica is widely consumed for recreational purposes.

Which one is legally supported?

Despite the confusion, people use Indica/Sativa and hemp for recreational purposes and other benefits. Now, the problem comes when you live in a location where THC is prohibited. Since both Indica/Sativa and hemp are the strains of cannabis, which one you should consider illegal?

Simply, check if the product you use contains less than 0.2% THC. If so, then it is legally backed and you can continue to procure and use those products.

Globally, many countries have banned the production, possession, and usage of THC. Still, there are a few countries where THC is legalized for medical usage. Clearly, you should learn about the legal implications of CBD and THC before using it.

THC CBD CBDa Cannabinoids

The Importance of knowing what is in your cannabis oil

It doesn't really matter if you have been using cannabis oil for a while now. After reading this article, you now know what you are actually consuming while including cannabis oil in your diet. Not only that, now you know the ingredients and the basic information about all the cannabinoids put together to manufacture cannabis oil. Likewise, now you know the amount of THC and its impact on your body when consumed.

In addition, we have learned about the difference between hemp and THC high Cannabis strains. Equally, we now understand that Indica/Sativa can give you a high, whereas CBD does not. However, both have their own set of positive impact on our body's system.

Hope the article was useful. Always determine the dosage and usage frequency before including cannabis oil to your diet. Thanks.

2 comments on “Everything you Need to Know About CBG”

  1. Thank you for the information on CBG. However its extremely hard to find CBG oil or is there evn such a thing? It seems like the only way to currently get CBG is to buy a full spectrum CBD oil and hope there is a good amount of CBG in there. This is actually quite a good bit of work as you need to check a lot of lab test results.

    1. Yes unfortunately CBG is currently very hard to come across. I do no some US companies who sell CBG but in general, it is hard to find. We are currently working on bringing out our own brand of CBG.

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